Nitrous Oxide

Nitrous Oxide- Indications, Dosage, Contraindications, ADRs

Category of Drug Nitrous Oxide is a drug for Anaesthesia
Mechanism of Action 
Indications Nitrous Oxide is used for
1. Maintenance of anaesthesia in combination with other anaesthetic agents
2. Analgesia for obstetric practice 3. For emergency management of injuries
4. During postoperative physiotherapy and for refractory pain in terminal illness
Well Known
Pharmaceutical Brands
Available dosage forms INHALATIONAL GAS
Contraindications 1. Demonstrable collection of air in pleural
2. Pericardial or peritoneal space
3. Intestinal obstruction
4. Occlusion of the middle ear
5. Arterial air embolism
6. Decompression sickness
7. Chronic obstructive airway disease
8. Emphysema
Precautions 1. Minimize exposure of staff
2. Interactions
3. Pregnancy
Adverse Effects1. Nausea and voming
2. After prolonged administration megaloblastic anaemia
3. Depressed white cell formation 4. Peripheral neuropathy
Pregnancy Category C

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