Epinephrine Eye Drops and Ointment- Indications and popular Brands

Category of DrugEpinephrine is an Ophthalmological Preparations drug
Read more: Which are the popular Medicines for the Eyes?
Mechanism of Actionepinephrine induces increased vascular smooth muscle contraction, pupillary dilator muscle contraction, and intestinal sphincter muscle contraction, through its action on alpha-1 receptors.
Indications Epinephrine is used for
1. Chronic open-angle glaucoma
2. Ocular hypertension
Well Known
Pharmaceutical Brands
Available dosage forms1. DROPS

The Proper Disposal of Epinephrine (Everything You Need to Know)
DoseInstill 1 to 2 drops of 0.5%, 1%, or 2% ophthalmic solution into the affected eye(s) once or twice daily.
Contraindications1. Angle-closure glaucoma
2. Unless an iridectomy has been carried out
3. Occlusive vascular disease
Precautions1. Hypertension
2. Heart disease
3. Aneurysm
4. Arrhythmias
5. Tachycardia
6. Hyperthyroidism
7. Cerebral arteriosclerosis
8. Diabetes Mellitus
9. Elderly
10. Interactions
Adverse Effects1. Stinging
2. Blurred vision
3. Photophobia
4. Eye pain
5. Conjunctival hyperaemia
6. Headache or browache
7. Conjunctival sensitization and local skin reactions
8. After prolonged use conjunctival pigmentation and macular oedema in aphakia
Pregnancy Category C

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