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Drug

Phenytoin- Drug Detail Profile

Category of DrugPhenytoin is a  Anticonvulsants/Antiepileptics
Mechanism of Action 
Indications Phenytoin is used for
1. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures
2. Partial seizures
3. Status epilepticus.
Well Known
Pharmaceutical Brands
 
Available dosage forms1. TABLETS
2. CAPSULES
3. INJECTIONS
4. SUSPENSION 
Dose 
Contraindications1. Porphyria
2. Avoid parenteral use in sinus bradycardia
3. Sino-atrial block
4. Second- and
5. Third-degree heart block
6. Stokes-Adams syndrome
7. Pregnancy
Precautions1.  Hepatic impairment
2. lactation
3. Diabetes Mellitus
4. Monitor blood counts
5. Hypotension and heart failure
6. Intravenous administration-resuscitation facilities must be available
7. Injection solution alkaline
8. Interactions
Adverse Effects 1. Gastric intolerance
2. Headache
3. Sleeplessness
4. sedation
5. hallucinations
6. confusion
7. blurred vision
8. ataxia
9. nystagmus
10. diplopia
11. Slurred speech
12. cerebellar-vestibular symptoms,
Pregnancy Category D

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