Lidocaine (Lignocaine)

Lidocaine (Lignocaine)- Indications, Dosage, Contraindications, ADRs

Category of DrugLidocaine (Lignocaine) is an Antiarrhythmic Drugs
Mechanism of Action 
Indications Lidocaine (Lignocaine) is used for 1. Ventricular arrhythmias
2. Local anaesthesia
Well Known
Pharmaceutical Brands
 
Available dosage forms 1. INJECTION
2. JELLY
3. OINTMENT
Dose 
Contraindications 1. Sino-atrial disorder
2. Any grade of
atrioventricular block or any other type of conduction disturbances
3. Severe myocardial depression 4. Acute porphyria or hypovolaemia
5. Bradycardia
6. Cardiac decompensation
Precautions 1. Lower dosage in congestive heart failure
2. Bradycardia
3. ECG monitoring must during
therapy
4. Paediatrics
5. Hypotension
6. Renal impairment
7. Porphyria
8. Debilitated patients
9. Hepatic impairment
10. Marked hypoxia
11. Severe respiratory depression
12. Following cardiac surgery and in elderly
13. Lactation
Adverse Effects 1. Dizziness
2. Paraesthesia
3. Drowsiness
4. Confusion
5. Apnoea
6. Respiratory depression
7. Coma
8. Seizures and convulsions
9. Hypotension
10. Arrhythmias
11. Heart block
12. Cardiovascular collapse and bradycardia
Pregnancy Category B

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