Digoxin

Digoxin- Indications, Dosage, Contraindications, ADRs

Category of DrugDigoxin is Antiarrhythmic Drugs
Mechanism of Action 
Indications Digoxin is used for
1. Supraventricular arrhythmias
2. Particularly atrial fibrillation
3. Heart failure
Well Known
Pharmaceutical Brands
 
Available dosage forms 1. TABLET
2. INJECTION
3. ELIXIR
4. SYRUP
Dose 
Contraindications 1. Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
2. Ventricular tachycardia
3. Hypokalaemia
4. Digitalis toxicity
5. Arrhythmias
6. Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome or
another accessory pathway
7. Particularly if accompanied by atrial fibrillation
8. Intermittent complete heart block
9. Second-degree atrioventricular block.
Precautions 1. Recent myocardial infarction
2. Sick sinus syndrome
3. Severe pulmonary disease
4. Thyroid disease
5. Congestive cardiac myopathy
6. Hypercalcaemia
7. Aortic valve disease
8. Heart block
9. Cardiac dysrhythmias
10. Renal impairment
11. Avoid hypokalaemia
12. Avoid rapid intravenous administration
Adverse Effects 1. Usually associated with excessive dosage
2. Abdominal pain
3. Visual disturbances
4. Headache
5. Fatigue
6. Drowsiness
7. Confusion
8. Delirium
9. Hallucinations
10. Depression
11. Arrhythmias
Pregnancy Category C

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