Ciprofloxacin- Drug Detail Profile

Category of DrugCiprofloxacin is an Anti-Infective drug
Mechanism of Action 
Indications Ciprofloxacin is used for
1. Gastroenteritis
2. Gonorrhoea
3. Chancroid
4. Legionnaires’ disease
5. Meningitis
6. Respiratory tract infections
Well Known
Pharmaceutical Brands
Available dosage forms1. TABLETS
Contraindications 1. History of tendon disorders related to
quinolone use
2. Exposure to strong sunlight
3. Hypersensitivity to quinolones derivatives
4. Tizanidine therapy
Precautions1. History of epilepsy or conditions
that predispose to seizures
2. G-6-PD deficiency
3. Myasthenia gravis
4. Pregnancy
5. Lactation
6. Children or adolescents
7. Avoid exposure to excessive sunlight
8. rarely, tendon damage-discontinue at the first sign of pain or inflammation and rest affected
9. Hepatic impairment
10.Renal failure
11. Avoid excessive alkalinity of the urine and ensure adequate fluid intake as there is a risk of crystalluria
Adverse Effects 1. Nausea
2. Vomiting
3. Dyspepsia
4. Abdominal pain
5. Flatulence
6. Diarrhoea
7. Sleep disorders
8. rash
9. vasculitis
10. Erythema nodosum
11. Petechiae
12. Haemorrhagic bullae
13. Drowsiness
14. Restlessness
15. Asthenia
16. Depression
17. paraesthesia
18. Photosensitivity
19. Hypersensitivity reactions
Pregnancy Category C

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